- LATER MEDIEVAL AND EARLY TUDOR
- Henry V 1413 - 1422
- Henry VI 1422 - 1461
- Edward IV 1461 - 1483
- Edward V 1483
- Richard III 1483 - 1485
- Henry VII 1485 - 1509
- TUDOR 1509 - 1603
- Henry VIII 1509 - 1547
- Queen Mary 1553 - 1558
- Edward VI 1547 - 1553
- Queen Elizabeth I 1558 - 1603
- JACOBEAN INTERIORS
- Stuart and Commonwealth Period 1603 - 1660
- James I 1625 - 1649
- Charles I 1625 - 1649
- Commonwealth 1649 - 1660
- STUART INTERIORS
- Restoration Stuart 1660 - 1714
- Charles III 1660 - 1685
- James II 1685 - 1689
- William and Mary 1689 - 1702
- Queen Anne 1702 - 1714
- GEORGIAN INTERIORS
- Early Georgian
- George I 1714 - 1727
- George II 1727 - 1760
- Later Georgian
- George III 1760 - 1811
- FEDERAL AND EMPIRE INTERIORS
- Federal and Empire 1780 - 1850
- REGENCY INTERIORS
- Regency and Early Victorian 1811 - 1860
The History includes 200 Different illustrations of Designs of the finest Carved Doors all of these Designs can be handmade hand carved by the Woodcarvers Guild Master Craftsmen
In these troubled times doors were built for security to delay indeed stop anyone forcing entry into the house, and also in the most important houses were built to impress , the finest houses had carved doors and were detailed and richly carved in the by master craftsmen for the finest houses (constructed principally of Oak because of its strength and durability ) But the principle function of the doo with its strong heavy construction was because it was designed to delay or stop forced entry to the house
The size and position of doorways in Tudor buildings were dictated by the practical requirements of access and construction.
Tudor carved and plain door heads were of wood, stone or brick, and tended to be flat or four-centred (that is, in the form of a shallow arch that rises to a central point). Four centred heads sometimes had carved spandrels(examples are shown in web photos). The jambs often had stopped, chamfered mouldings, to protect and decorate the frame.
Carved and Plain Door Hoodmolds or projecting carved or moulded cornices were cut over front doors and, during the 16th century, porches became popular.
Internal Porch Pain or carved doorways, protected from the weather, were often more elaborate than external doorways. Their decorative development became more detailed in carved design as the century progressed and is similar to that of the fireplace over mantle. Classical details such as pillars and cornices appeared from the middle of the 16th century , but for security of the occupants late medieval style and design were of a strong heavy plain or carved door construction this design criteria remained dominant throughout the Tudor period.
External plain or carved doors were made from oak planks with carved detailed mouldings the oak was up to 26 inches (65cm) wide. The planks were either fastened by horizontal battens on the reverse or for strength and security by a second set of planks, laid at right angles to the first (a double-boarded or cross-boarded door).
The heads of the handmade nails used on the plain or carved door construction were sometimes left exposed to give a decorative finish . Ordinary internal plain or carved doors were usually battened. Grander plain or carved doors were often lighter, comprising a framework with an infill of frequently carved wooden door panels. Door fittings were basic, except in the grandest houses.
The Formal order of life in the Baroque period was nowhere more fully expressed than at the front plain or carved door (the principle entrance) of the house, which was made to look impressive and simultaneously as festive as the backdrop of a stage, and as imposing as the gates of a citadel. It might be flanked by columns, or (less expensively) pilasters.
The columns might be plain Doric, to look forbidding or ornamental, to look expensive. If ornamental, they could be fluted, twisted, or enriched with ornate panels of decoration(examples are shown on our web catalogue).
The plain or carved doors were often positioned at the top of steps, and could be canopied by a shell or placed in a porch. Above it there could be a pious inscription, a carved achievement of arms, or a pediment, depending on whether the owner wished to stress his morals, his blood or his learning.
The over plain moulded or carved door pediment could be simple, it could terminate in scrolls, or it could be double-curved and scrolled (the swan’s-neck type); it could be filled with carved ornament, which sometimes took over and obscured the underlying shape. l However, as knowledge of antiquity became more common, enrichment was increasingly confined to areas, such as capitals or friezes.Plain or carved doors were ornaments with hinges in L shaped, butterfly or “cock’s-head” patterns. Massive wooden box locks were used by most people, but the rich in the finest homes bought intricate and expensive iron and brass locks to advertise their patronage of ingenious mechanics.